Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by the bacterium, Chlamydia trachomatis, which can damage a woman's reproductive organs. Even though symptoms of chlamydia are usually mild or absent, serious complications that cause irreversible damage, including infertility, can occur "silently" before a woman ever recognizes a problem. Chlamydia also can cause discharge from the penis of an infected man.
For more information on chlamydia, including signs, symptoms, complications, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention, visit the Sexually Transmitted Diseases page
at the CDC.
Chlamydia is the most proliferous of the reportable sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in West Virginia with 4,128 infections (222.8 population rate per 100,000) in 2017, showing a decrease of 12.4% from 4,718 cases (254.6 population rate per 100,000) in 2016. Chlamydia is seen most often among the 15 to 29 year-old age group which accounts for 70.1% (N=2,895) of all reported cases. The greatest disparity is seen among the African American race at 1,116.8 (N=705) by population rate per 100,000, followed by Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islanders with a population rate of 467.3 (N=2), while Caucasians make up the greatest percentage of cases at 64% (N=2,653). Chlamydia is curable using 1 dose of azithromycin (1 gram), but reinfection can occur if the sexual partner is not treated. The consequences of untreated chlamydia are greater with women and can cause pelvic inflammatory disease leading to infertility.
For more information, call the West Virginia HIV/AIDS & STD Hotline:
Trained professionals are available to speak with you weekdays (except holidays) from 8:00 am to 4:00 pm. We can answer your questions about HIV/AIDS and other STDs in West Virginia, how to protect yourself, how to be tested, and how to get treatment.