Since January 2018, the West Virginia Bureau for Public Health (WV BPH) has been monitoring increased diagnoses of HIV across the state, especially among people who inject drugs (PWID). In 2019, Cabell County was the epi center for a large HIV cluster, however, since then, HIV cases have been increasing in other areas of the state (for more information, please see Health Advisory 162: HIV Infections Among People Who Inject Drugs – Additional Area Seeing Increase, Others Vulnerable). Currently, this increase is most significant in Kanawha County.
PWID are often a mobile population and seek services within multiple counties, however, persons newly diagnosed with HIV are reported according to their county of residence at the time of HIV diagnosis.
Statewide HIV case counts will be updated bi-monthly. This will include HIV cases in all WV counties, however, data will be suppressed for counties with 1-4 diagnoses of HIV.
CLICK HERE to see all new HIV diagnoses by county
The West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources, Bureau for Public Health (BPH) is monitoring the HIV outbreak in Kanawha County. As part of the ongoing response to this outbreak, the CDC has been in Charleston conducting an Epi-Aid investigation to further examine access and barriers to services; assess behaviors, attitudes and beliefs of people who inject drugs and other community stakeholders; and review and analyze HIV contact tracing procedures and other data to help identify potential opportunities for public health intervention.
To see HIV data for Kanawha County and other counties across the state, click here.
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Diagnoses, laboratory reports, initial care events, and perinatal exposure of HIV infection and AIDS are reportable conditions in accordance with the Bureau for Public Health’s rule, Reportable Diseases, Events, and Conditions 64CSR7 and pursuant to WV Legislative Rule 64 CSR 64.
Instructions and Guidance for Completing the (new) HIV Test Form
All diagnostic and prognostic test results are reportable for HIV-positive persons.
Laboratories are encouraged to report electronically. More information can be found
. Please note that even if laboratories report electronically, the provider/facility must complete and report the case report form for individuals newly diagnosed with HIV and any individuals new to a provider/facility, regardless of when or where the person was initially diagnosed with HIV.
Supervisors of all laboratories in West Virginia that perform serologic or other tests for or related to HIV/AIDS shall make a report on the first and fifteenth days of each month of all laboratory tests that are indicative of HIV infection using the
Laboratory Reporting of Positive Tests for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) form
(also known as the "purple form").
For more information, call the West Virginia HIV/AIDs & STD Hotline:
Trained professionals are available to speak with you on weekdays (except holidays) from 8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. to answer questions about HIV/AIDS and other STDs in West Virginia, how to protect yourself, how to be tested, and how to get treatment.